Дмитрий Дубилет

Записки студента MBA Лондонской Бизнес Школы

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Дмитрий Дубилет  21.05.2008 12:20:07
Меткиfifa, times.ua, футбол

10 самых интересных фактов о FIFA

21 мая футбольный мир отмечает важную дату – день основания Международной федерации футбола, более известной под аббревиатурой FIFA. Кто знает, если бы в далеком 1904 году в Париже не был подписан документ о создании федерации, возможно, мировой футбол был бы до сих пор раздираем различными вариациями футбольных правил, а также множеством версий чемпионатов, как это происходит, к примеру, в мировом боксе.

К этой дате участники социальной сети Times.ua подготовили 10 самых интересных фактов о FIFA.

Факт 1. Обычно на русский язык Federation Internationale de Football Association переводят как Международная федерация футбольных ассоциаций. Этот перевод ошибочен. Football Association – это не футбольные ассоциации, а «футбол ассоциации» - так в начале прошлого века называли футбол, чтобы отличать его от регби, который раньше назывался просто футболом. Поэтому правильным переводом следует считать Международная федерация футбола. На английском, кстати, расшифровка звучит как International Federation of Association Football.

Факт 2. Сейчас ФИФА включает в себя 208 членов, что на 3 больше, чем Международный олимпийский комитет и на 16 больше, чем ООН.

Факт 3. Федерация была образована 8 странами: Голландия, Швейцария, Дания, Бельгия, Франция, Швеция, Испания и Германия. Причем немцы не прислали на встречу своего представителя, а сообщили о своем решении вступить в союз по телеграфу. Первым неевропейским членом Ассоциации стала ЮАР.

Факт 4. Первые 25 лет организация состояла лишь из нескольких человек-добровольцев и даже не имела собственной штаб-квартиры. В это время под ее эгидой не проводилось ни одного матча. А национальные сборные платили членские взносы в размере аж 50 французских франков.

Факт 5. Главным противником ФИФА была Британская футбольная ассоциация, в которой считали, что регулировать футбол на международном уровне является исключительной прерогативой британцев. Подружиться с британцами ФИФА удалось лишь после Второй мировой войны.

Факт 6. До 1912 года вратари могли брать мяч в руки по всей своей половине поля. Случались случаи, когда они даже забивали гол руками. Затем ФИФА преобразовала это правило.

Факт 7. Первым серьезным соревнованием под эгидой ФИФА стал чемпионат мира 1930 года в Уругвае. Этот чемпионат, как и Олимпийские игры 1928 и 1924, выиграли уругвайцы. Тогда равным им команд в мире и правда не было.

Факт 8. В среднем ФИФА зарабатывает более $30.000.000 в год. Хорошей статьей доходов является соглашение с компанией по производству компьютерных игр EA Sports по совместному производству популярных компьютерных игр серии FIFA.

Факт 9. Пять лет назад вокруг ФИФА разгорелся скандал. Вице-президент Конфедерации африканского футбола сомалиец Фарах Аддо заявил, что во время выборов главы Федерации, которые проходили в 1998 году во Франции, ему предложили $100.000 в обмен на поддержку кандидатуры Блаттера. По словам Аддо, он отказался, но двое его коллег, тоже сомалийцев, деньги взяли. Несмотря на скандал, Блаттер до сих пор является главой ФИФА.

Факт 10. В 2006 году с ФИФА случился большой казус. Лучшим футболистом в 2006 году был признан Фабио Каннаваро. На торжественной церемонии ему был вручен Бриллиантовый мяч. Однако через месяц ФИФА призналось, что ошиблась с подсчетами голосов, результаты были пересмотрены, и в результате Канноваро занял лишь второе место, уступив свою награду Зинедину Зидану.

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